Gingival recession in a rural community in Nigeria: a pilot study
Dr. Osadolor OO, Dr. Akaji EA, Dr. Onyejaka NK, Dr. Osadolor AJ
Background: Gingival recession could affect an individual’s quality of life with nutritional, functional and psychosocial consequences when associated with clinical problems such as root surface hypersensitivity, root caries, cervical root abrasions, erosions, calculus/plaque retention and chronic periodontitis. Objective: To determine the prevalence of gingival recession in a rural community in South-east Nigeria. Methods: A cross sectional descriptive study of 54 participants was carried out at Ozalla Model Primary Health Centre. They were interviewed for socio-demographic characteristics using interviewer administered questionnaire and intra-oral examination using disposable instruments for each participant was conducted to determine the presence or absence of gingival recession. Ethical clearance for this study was sought and obtained. After data collection, oral health education and tooth brushing demonstrations were done. Data was analysed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) Version 20. P values < 0.05 were accepted as being statistically significant. Results: A total of 54 participants were seen and examined, 27(50 %) were males and 27(50%) were females with male to female ratio of 1:1. The age range of participants examined was 17- 84 years and the mean age was 44.5± 17.4 years. The prevalence of gingival recession was 22.2 %. Majority (85.2%) of the participants uses toothbrush with toothpaste only as an oral hygiene device, 81.5% of the participants brush their teeth once daily and 53.7% had not visited a dental clinic. P values < 0.05 were accepted as being statistically significant. P = 0.001. Conclusions: The prevalence of gingival recession was 22.2 %. Gingival recession was more common in mandibular teeth and both sides of the dental arch.