The effect of tooth brushing demonstration method towards oral hygiene level on children with special needs
Introdcution: Most children with special needs have dental caries and are unable to maintain their oral hygiene by themselves due to limited physical developmental conditions, behavior, or emotions. Objective: To analyze the effect of tooth brushing demonstration method towards oral hygiene level on children with special needs. Methods: This type of research was used Quasi-Experimental Research to determine the condition before and after treatment. The instrument used was a checklist for brushing teeth, with observations of the OHI-S examination. Samples were 30 children with special needs in Galuh Handayani Inclusion Elementary School, Surabaya. Data analysis used the Wilcoxon and Mann Whitney statistical tests. Result and Discussion: With the Wilcoxon test, there were significant changes in skills and OHI-S in the treatment group with p = 0,001 <0,005 (skills) and p = 0,001 <0,005 (OHI-S). In the control group for skills there was no significant change and for OHI-S there was a change, but it was not significant. The results of the next analysis, the Mann Whitney test obtained p = 0.001 <0.05 means that there was a significant difference in practice and OHI-S values between the treatment and control groups. Interventions were had given to the treatment group had an influence on changes in the value of practice and OHI-S compared to the control group without intervention. Conclusion: There is a change in the ability to brush the teeth of children with special needs in the treatment group due to the demonstration method.
Ida Chairanna. The effect of tooth brushing demonstration method towards oral hygiene level on children with special needs. International Journal of Dental Sciences, Volume 2, Issue 4, 2020, Pages 16-20