Applications for empowerment of junior high school students with special needs to improve maintenance of dental health: A literature review
Ida Chairanna, IGA Kusuma Astuti, Agus Marijanto
Background: Poor oral hygiene and periodontal disease are the most common problems found in children with mental retardation, there are various limitations, especially those who are unable to clean their oral cavity themselves. So this increases the risk factor for damage to the teeth and soft tissues of the surrounding oral cavity. Objective: to determine the impact of the Inclusion Junior High School student empowerment program on the maintenance of oral health. Discussion: Dental and Oral Health Efforts are carried out through empowering junior high school students in the form of improving dental and oral health care. Children with special needs are children who have mental, physical and emotional limitations that are different from normal children, so they need help in keeping their teeth and mouth clean, and need the help of other people around them, be it parents, family members, caregivers, or teachers at school. Dental and oral health in children with special needs is lower than normal children because of the difficulties experienced by children with special needs, namely their low motor and cognitive abilities.Conclusion: Empowerment programs for children with special needs can improve knowledge and skills in maintaining dental and oral hygiene.
Ida Chairanna, IGA Kusuma Astuti, Agus Marijanto. Applications for empowerment of junior high school students with special needs to improve maintenance of dental health: A literature review. International Journal of Dental Sciences, Volume 3, Issue 2, 2021, Pages 26-27